CHOOSE MAPS
 
   MAP OF CYPRUS
   MAP OF AYIA NAPA
   MAP OF PAPHOS
   MAP OF LIMASSOL
   MAP OF LARNAKA
   MAP OF NICOSIA
   MAP OF TROODOS
 
 
 
 
   maps of NICOSIA (LEFKOSIA)
 
  Nicosia was a city-state known as Ledra or Ledrae in ancient times. The king of Ledra, Onasagoras, was recorded as paying tribute to Esarhaddon of Assyria in 672 BC. Rebuilt by Lefkos, son of Ptolemy I around 300 BC, Ledra in Hellenic and Roman times was a small, unimportant town, also known as Lefkothea. By the time it received its first Christian bishop, Trifillios, in 348, the town was called Lefkousia or Ledra.
Still known as Lefkosia, the city became the island's capital around the 10th century. It had grown in importance because of threats to the coastal cities Paphos and Salamis, which made many people flee to the centrally located Lefkosia.
The seat of the Lusignan kings of Cyprus since 1192, it became a Venetian possession in 1489, and fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1571. Ledra is now the actual name of the most popular commercial street.
The exonym "Nicosia" appeared with the arrival of the Lusignans. The Frankish Crusaders either could not, or did not care to, pronounce the name Lefkosia, and tended to say "Nicosia". In this era of the Franks, the city expanded culturally, and in the 15th and 16th centuries, saw the erection of a number of palaces, mansions, churches and monasteries.
Some 20,000 residents died as a result of the Ottoman siege of 1570. Man-made and natural disasters further struck the city during the 19th century. The Turks crushed the 1821 anti-Ottoman revolt in blood.
Cholera hit the city in 1835, and fire destroyed large parts of Nicosia in 1857. The British Empire gained control over the island in 1878, with Nicosia serving as the capital of the new British possession.
Nicosia was the scene of extreme violence in the period just prior to Cypriot independence in 1960. Since the Greek supported coup and Turkish invasion which followed it in 1974, part of the Turkish occupied city has been inside the boundary of a United Nations Buffer Zone.
The tombs of the Lusignan kings are in the former Cathedral of St. Sophia, now a mosque in the northern area occupied by Turkish troops.
The core of the city also has well-preserved Venetian fortifications, built in the 16th century, which encircle the old, medieval part of the city.
 
     

map of nicosia areaMap of Nicosia Area:

2988 x 2117
pixels (1.74 Mb)


Map of center of nicosiaMap of Nicosia Centre:

2862 x 2511 pixels (2.08 Mb)


If you are looking for a cheap Nicosia Cyprus Car Rentals, have a look at SureDrive.net
 
 
2012 MAP-CYPRUS.NET